The skeletal system study guide

Most arteries have continuous layer of elastin, called the internal elastic lamina, at the boundary between the media with the intima. The jugular foramen, at the junction of the occipital and temporal bones, allows passage of the jugular veinthe largest vein of the head, which drains the brain; just anterior to it in the cranial cavity is the internal acoustic meatus, which transmits cranial nerves VII and VIII.

Although endothelial cells are not dramatically phagocytotic, they do shuttle some materials across the endothelial lining via small endocytotic and exocytotic vesicles. Signals extreme joint positions and thus helps prevent injury. Birds lack a diaphragmand therefore use their intercostal and abdominal muscles to expand and contract their entire thoraco-abdominal cavities, thus rhythmically changing the volumes of all their air sacs in unison illustration on the right.

The vertebrae, sacrum, and coccyx of the spine—as well as the sphenoid, ethmoid, and zygomatic bones of the skull—are all irregular bones. Sesamoid bones grow to protect the tendon from stresses and strains at the joint and can help to give a mechanical advantage to muscles pulling on the tendon.

The myocardium is drained by several cardiac veins, which empty into an enlarged vessel on the posterior of the heart called the coronary sinus. SAQ, Introduction -- microscopy, cells, basic tissue types, blood cells.

The unpaired superior mesenteric artery supplies most of the small intestine and the first half of the large intestine or colon.

Articulations An articulation, or joint, is a point of contact between bones, between a bone and cartilage, or between a bone and a tooth. The humerus is the bone of the upper arm.

Select a Human Anatomy System to Explore

Its broad posterosuperior aspect, or base, from which the great vessels of the body emerge, points toward the right shoulder and lies beneath the second rib. The heart receives relatively oxygen-poor blood from the veins of the body through the large superior and inferior vena cava and pumps it through the pulmonary trunk.

NASM Study Guide Chapter 2 – Basic Exercise Science

Think about the healing process that must take place in each instance. Epinephrine — increases heart rate and stroke volume, elevates blood glucose levels, redistributes blood to working tissues, opens up airways.

Commonly called the kneecap, the patella is special because it is one of the few bones that are not present at birth. The left AV valve- the bicuspid or mitral valve, consists of two flaps, or cusps, of endocardium.

The tunica intima, which lines the lumen, or interior, of the vessels, is a thin layer of endothelium resting on a basement membrane and decreases friction as blood flows through the vessel lumen.

Pelvic Girdle and Lower Limb Formed by the left and right hip bones, the pelvic girdle connects the lower limb leg bones to the axial skeleton. In chickens and others birds, the superior cava is double.

Optimal arrangement of curves is referred to as a neutral spine. The sympathetic system increases the activation level of neurons in preparation for activity ramps you up.

They increase stability in joints as well as provide attachment sites for muscles. The tunica media is the bulky middle coat which mostly consists of smooth muscle and elastic fibers that constrict or dilate, making the blood pressure increase or decrease.

Thyroid gland located at base of the neck below thyroid cartilage adams apple. The autonomic nervious system supplies neural input to the involuntary systems of the body, like your heart.

Compact bone is made of a matrix of hard mineral salts reinforced with tough collagen fibers. Sacrum - 1 vertebra Coccyx tailbone - 1 vertebra With the exception of the singular sacrum and coccyx, each vertebra is named for the first letter of its region and its position along the superior-inferior axis.

They are most responsible for a particular movement. This first one is very short and has great visual of the knee during the injury http: From there the fresh air from the posterior air sacs flows through the parabronchi in the same direction as occurred during inhalation into ventrobronchi.

Extensions of the ethmoid bone, the superior and middle nasal conchae, form part of the lateral walls of the nasal cavity and increase the turbulence of air flowing through the nasal passages.

The paired parietal bones form most of the superior and lateral walls of the cranium; they meet in the midline of the skull at the sagittal suture and form the coronal suture, where they meet the frontal bone.

Chambers of the Heart The heart has four hollow chambers, or cavities: Spongy bone is composed of long, needle-like pieces of bone and lots of open space. The tunica adventitia is the outer, fibrous connective tissue layer. The paired palatine bones lie posterior to the palatine processes of the maxillae; they form the posterior part of the hard palate.

Atherosclerosis and blood clots may develop when the intimal lining of a vessel is damaged. Maintaining posture against gravity. Nevertheless, the fibers of adventitial connective tissue tend to be more concentric around the vessel and often somewhat denser than the surrounding connective tissue fascia.

The heart receives relatively oxygen-poor blood from the veins of the body through the large superior and inferior vena cava and pumps it through the pulmonary trunk.In I spent days hiking all 2, miles of the Appalachian Trail. I haven't had a "real job" since In I will be biking ~4, miles and hiking the CDT(2, miles).

Perform the Genius™ 3D Mammography™ exam with the time tested, #1 3D™ system in the world. Multiple options, with no compromise to patient care. Chapter 10 Anatomy of the Muscular System Figure Structure of a muscle organ.A, Note that the connective tissue coverings, the epimysium, perimysium, and endomysium, are continuous with each other and with the tendon.

Note also that muscle. Below you will find the following creative activities to enhance instruction of the Skeletal System. Items with an asterisk are short and could easily be incorporated into class. 1) Hey Macarena!* – dancing your way through the skeletal nomenclature 2) Bone composition demo* – Don’t be a chicken 3) Pasta Man / Woman 4) Bones.

Skeletal System – Structures and Functions of Bones Study Guide This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document. Skeletal Muscular System Study Guidehigh Rock Preview skeletal and muscular system study guide.

5 functions of the skeletal system (be able to list these out).

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The skeletal system study guide
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