The man in whom this repression apparatus is harmed and not working properly we can compare to a dyspeptic and not just compare —he is "finished" with nothing.
N gives a list of reasons that have been offered to justify punishment -- none is "right" or "best," he is arguing. The compensation thus consists of an order for and a right to cruelty. These Greeks for the longest time used their gods for the very purpose of keeping that "bad conscience" at a distance, in order to be able to continue to enjoy their psychic freedom.
He also attacks it as grounded ultimately on faith, but that is less interesting to me. N instead begins with the claim that the concept of good started not as a label for unselfish Genealogy of morals 2nd essay, but rather as a label of distinguishing the noble in various senses from those to which the nobles considered themselves superior N seems to be willing to say, that nobles were in fact superior.
However, Nietzsche believes that philosophy has a great and important task: In fact, for the longest period in the past no notion of dealing with a "guilty party" penetrated the consciousness of judges or even those doing the punishing. They assert their freedom through control over themselves.
It would have failed if an immense amount of freedom had not been driven from the world under the pressure of their hammer blows—or at least driven from sight and, as it were, had become latent.
It sharpens the feeling of estrangement; it strengthens powers of resistance. The whole of ancient humanity is full of delicate consideration for the spectator, being Genealogy of morals 2nd essay it is a world of thorough publicity and theatricality, which could not conceive of happiness without spectacles and festivals.
What, do you think, was the mood with which Homer makes his gods look down upon the fates of men? Conceive this crude kind of logic carried to Genealogy of morals 2nd essay climax: It was with the help of such inventions that life got to learn the tour de force, which has become part of its stock-in-trade, the tour de force of self-justification, of the justification of evil; nowadays this would perhaps require other auxiliary devices for instance, life as a riddle, life as a problem of knowledge.
The victory of Christianity is the ultimate revenge of the weak over the strong, the slave over the noble, the priestly over the warrior. The actual facts differ terribly from this theory. But neither for the Christian, who has interpreted into suffering an entire secret machinery for salvation, nor for the naive men of older times, who understood how to interpret all suffering in relation to the spectator or to the person inflicting the suffering, was there generally any such meaningless suffering.
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The form is fluid, but the meaning is even more so—even inside every individual organism the case is the same: Many of us know people who are petty and mean precisely because they really have no good purpose and are jealous of others who do. Similarly, the weak adopt the false consciousness that their weakness is a merit.
That something has a purpose or utility is only a sign that a "will to power" is acting upon it. It is then in this sphere of the law of contract that we find the cradle of the whole moral world of the ideas of "guilt," "conscience," "duty," the "sacredness of duty,"—their commencement, like the commencement of all great things in the world, is thoroughly and continuously saturated with blood.
It's precisely at this point that people make promises. This man who has become free, who really has the right to make promises, this master of free will, this sovereign—how can he not realize the superiority he enjoys over everyone who does not have the right to make a promise and make pledges on his own behalf, knowing how much trust, how much fear, and how much respect he creates he is worthy of all three and how, with this mastery over himself, he has necessarily been given in addition mastery over his circumstances, over nature, and over all creatures with a shorter and less reliable will?
I have already revealed its origin, in the contractual relationship between creditor and ower, that is as old as the existence of legal rights at all, and in its turn points back to the primary forms of purchase, sale, barter, and trade.
If the community is weak, any attack against it is life threatening, and such a threat must be eliminated.
The wronged person gets to enjoy the pleasure of being cruel, arising from the pleasure of being for a short while, perhaps of seeming higher status than the sufferer. The realisation of these contractual relations excites, of course as would be already expected from our previous observationsa great deal of suspicion and opposition towards the primitive society which made or sanctioned them.
Second Essay, Sections Summary Nietzsche traces the origins of guilt and conscience to the primitive relationship between buyer and seller, creditor and debtor.
I deliberately defy the above- mentioned agitator who himself makes this self-confession, "the creed of revenge has run through all my works and endeavours like the red thread of Justice"and say, that judged historically law in the world represents the very war against the reactive feelings, the very war waged on those feelings by the powers of activity and aggression, which devote some of their strength to damming and keeping within bounds this effervescence of hysterical reactivity, and to forcing it to some compromise.
And for an even longer time it was impossible to see any such fruit. Psychology is a fundamental science, and often our theories are expressions of unconscious motives and beliefs. I used the word "State"; my meaning is self-evident, namely, a herd of blonde beasts of prey, a race of conquerors and masters, which with all its war-like organisation and all its organising power pounces with its terrible claws on a population, in numbers possibly tremendously superior, but as yet formless, as yet nomad.Jan 21, · The immense work of what I have called, "morality of custom" (cp.
Dawn of Day, Aphs. 9, 14, and 16), the actual work of man on himself during the longest period of the human race, his whole prehistoric work, finds its meaning, its great justification (in spite of all its innate hardness, despotism, stupidity, and idiocy) in this fact: man, with the help of the morality of customs and of social strait.
On the Genealogy of Morals: Second Essay (“Guilt”, “Bad Conscience”, and Related Matters) by Friedrich Nietzsche — A Summary. On the Genealogy of Morals, Second Essay Friedrich Nietzsche. On the Genealogy of Morals, Second Essay Lyrics. Second Essay Guilt, Bad Conscience, and Related Matters 1.
A summary of Second Essay, Sections in Friedrich Nietzsche's Genealogy of Morals. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Genealogy of Morals and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. In sections 20–2 of the Second Essay, it is only possi-ble to know which meaning Nietzsche had in mind by the surrounding would be On the Genealogy of Morality, since for me,die Moralmeant ethics as a formal doctrine, in other words, morality in a grand and.
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